French keyboard mapping using VMware Fusion

Bored with a couple of issues with my MacBook Pro, upgraded from Mountain Lion to Yosemite via Mavericks, I decided to reinstall the whole thing. I didn’t restore system parameters from Time Machine as I believe there were blobs lying there. After installing VMware Fusion 7.1.1 from scratch, I opened my previous Windows VMs and discovered my french keyboard wasn’t mapped correctly…
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French keyboard mapping using Royal TSX

Since I’m using a Mac to connect to remote Windows servers, I get mapping issues with my french keyboard. I’ve tried various software and each time, the “@” keys outputs “²” and “-” keys turns into the “=” character. But I finally got the software / configuration couple that brings nearly normal use of the french keyboard from Mac to Windows using TSE.
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Roll back from DSM 5 to 4

So it seems DS409slim, faked as DS411j, is a bit too slim for DSM v5. So let’s rollback to the official (nearly) supported version.

First thing to do is to decide which DSM v4 to go for. Looking at the Release Notes, 4.2-3211 is the last common firmware version (between 409slim and 411j). Previous version is 4.2-3202

Log in the DS409slim using SSH.

dharma> cp -p /etc.defaults/VERSION /etc.defaults/VERSION.orig
dharma> cp -p /etc/VERSION /etc/VERSION.orig
dharma> cat /etc.defaults/VERSION
majorversion="4"
minorversion="2"
buildphase="0"
buildnumber="3202"
smallfixnumber="0"
builddate="2013/03/04"
dharma> cp -p /etc.defaults/VERSION /etc/VERSION

Download 4.2-3211 firmware for DS411j.
Now, log-in to the DSM Web interface. From the “Control Panel”, go to “Update and Restore”. Click the “Manual DSM Update”. Select the downloaded firmware and click “OK”. Validate the warning message and wait until downgrade is processed. Let the system reboot and get to the DSM 4.2 log-in screen.

In my case, the password was wrecked. So I had to reset the whole syno to be able to log back-in. Once done, you’ll see that the syno is back to DSM 4. From here, you can simply configure your syno back to DS409slim.

# vi /etc.defaults/synoinfo.conf /etc/synoinfo.conf
...
unique="synology_88f6281_409slim"

In my case, I wanted to get as high as possible in the DSM 4 release. So I manually upgraded to DSM 4.3-3827 Update 7. They I modified synoinfo.conf.
409slim_4.3

No data were lost. And 409slim runs fast again. Great!

From Bind to nsd and unbound on OpenBSD 5.6

I’ve been using Bind as a primary, slave or cache name server for all my IT life. But it seems Bind is being kicked out of OpenBSD. So far so good, I’m gonna use what’s provided by my favorite OS to do the job.

Here’s how to use nsd and unbound daemons to serve as an internal authoritative DNS nameserver and DNS resolver. Both will be running on the same machine.
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I.T. for the masses