Using OpenBSD with a Dell U2723QE monitor

       487 words, 3 minutes

Not so long ago, I bought a Dell U2723QE 4K monitor. I was not sure OpenBSD would support using it with only a USB-C connection.

Spoiler alert, it does.

The main reasons for choosing this particular monitor were:

Color rendering, power consumption and VESA connection also was on my criteria list but any monitor matching the above 3 points were about the same regarding those. Bonus point, it has some sort of KVM feature that allows using either the USB-C connection or the HDMI connector. It can even do PictureInPicture ; but I never tried it. It also has a Gigabit Ethernet port.

It is connected to the “data” USB-C port of my ThinkPad X1 Carbon gen10, running OpenBSD 7.4/amd64.

The relevant dmesg part is:

bsd: uhub2 at uhub1 port 1 configuration 1 interface 0 "Generic 4-Port USB 2.0 Hub" rev 2.10/0.06 addr 5
bsd: uhub3 at uhub2 port 1 configuration 1 interface 0 "Generic 4-Port USB 2.0 Hub" rev 2.10/0.05 addr 6
bsd: uhidev0 at uhub2 port 5 configuration 1 interface 0 "Realtek USB2.0 HID" rev 2.01/1.01 addr 7
bsd: uhidev0: iclass 3/0
bsd: uhid0 at uhidev0: input=192, output=192, feature=0
bsd: uhub4 at uhub0 port 2 configuration 1 interface 0 "Generic 4-Port USB 3.0 Hub" rev 3.20/0.06 addr 2
bsd: uhub5 at uhub4 port 1 configuration 1 interface 0 "Generic 4-Port USB 3.0 Hub" rev 3.20/0.05 addr 3
bsd: ure0 at uhub5 port 2 configuration 1 interface 0 "Realtek USB 10/100/1000 LAN" rev 3.20/33.10 addr 4
bsd: ure0: RTL8153D (0x7420), address xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx

I have configured a trunk(4) link failover interface using the laptop iwx(4) wireless network device and the monitor ure(4) Ethernet device. It works great ; I achieved to copy data at nearly 1Gbps.

# doas ifconfig ure0 hwfeatures                           
ure0: flags=8802<BROADCAST,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
        hwfeatures=37<CSUM_IPv4,CSUM_TCPv4,CSUM_UDPv4,VLAN_MTU,VLAN_HWTAGGING> hardmtu 1500
        lladdr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
        index 8 priority 0 llprio 3
        media: Ethernet autoselect (1000baseT full-duplex)
        status: active

The XFCE “Display” dialog box works great to configure dual-monitor. With cwm(1) and openbox(1), I’m using a script that issues xrandr(1) commands to configure the Dell monitor as the main and only screen.

# xrandr --output DP-1 --primary --mode 3840x2160 \
--pos 0x0 --rotate normal                         \
--output eDP-1 --off --output HDMI-1 --off        \
--output DP-2 --off --output DP-3 --off --output DP-4 --off

# xrandr
DP-1 connected primary 3840x2160+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 597mm x 336mm
   3840x2160     60.00*+  29.98

There is a Logitech Logi Bolt receiver plugged into the monitor’s hub. And it works properly without latency.

I had difficulty finding information about OpenBSD support for 4K display and USB-C power / data sharing. If you were wondering too and landed here, now you know :)